Cilantro, Chinese parsley or Coriander (Coriandrum sativum) is an annual plant. It is native to Mediterranean and Asia, but now is cultivated all over the world. The name “coriander” comes from Latin “coriandrum”, “cilantro” is a Spanish name which also derives from “coriandrum”. Aromatic leaves, seeds (dry fruits) and even root of this herb are commonly used in culinary as a flavor, garnish and spice. There is a huge number of cilantro recipes. Fresh leaves are often used in salads, soups, sauces and can decorate any dish. Seeds are used in ground or dried form and also can be added to salads, sauces, bread and pickled vegetables. Leaves and seeds have different taste and smell. “The name coriander” refers to seeds, “cilantro” to the leaves of the plant.
Cilantro leaves are rich in vitamins C, A, K and minerals, on the other hand seeds are rich calcium, iron, selenium, manganese, magnesium and dietary fiber. Both leaves and seeds contain useful essential oils. As you see their nutrition profiles are different, what makes this herb special.
Cilantro is also valued for its medicinal properties, due to its antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-anxiety effects. Here is the list of health problems that can be solved with the help of cilantro:
- stomach problems;
- loss of appetite;
- joint pain;
- bowel spasms;
Want to know how to grow cilantro? Despite numerous recommendations and prescriptions to this process, it’s not so difficult as it may seem. Just keep in mind the following facts:
- Cilantro doesn’t bear hot weather.
- Cool and sunny conditions are perfect for this herb.
- It’s better to grow cilantro from seed.
- It has a big root, so little pots are not the best choice.
Be sure, that growing cilantro is useful and pleasant occupation. Believe you will succeed.
Using cilantro in food and medicinal amounts is safe. Use it only internally or it may cause skin irritation.